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In the Mau Mau were banned by British authorities, and in October , after a campaign of sabotage and assassination attributed to Mau Mau terrorists, the British Kenya government declared a state of emergency and began four years of military operations against Kikuyu rebels.
By the end of , more than 11, rebels had been killed in the fighting, along with about Europeans and 2, African loyalists.
More than 20, other Kikuyu were put into detention camps, where intensive efforts were made to convert them to the political views of the government—i.
Despite these government actions, Kikuyu resistance spearheaded the Kenya independence movement, and Jomo Kenyatta , who had been jailed as a Mau Mau leader in , became prime minister of an independent Kenya 10 years later.
In the ban on the Mau Mau was lifted by the Kenyan government. Listen to Our Podcast about mau-mau. Get Word of the Day delivered to your inbox!
Sign Up. Statistics for mau-mau Look-up Popularity. Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Love words? He found evidence that the files had once been stored in the basement of the Old Admiralty Building in Whitehall, but traces of them had vanished after Retrieved 7 May Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 22 March Under Kenyatta many became influential members of the new government.
This system of loyalist patronage percolated all the way down to the local level of government, with former Home Guards dominating bureaucracies that had once been the preserve of the young British colonial officers in the African districts.
Of the numerous vacancies created by decolonization—powerful posts like provincial commissioner and district commissioner—the vast majority were filled by one time loyalists.
Archived from the original pdf on 9 October Constitution of Kenya, National Council for Law Reporting. Article 9, p. The national days. The Standard.
Nairobi: Standard Group. Archived from the original on 21 January Retrieved 7 June Changing Kenyatta Day to Mashujaa Day is not just an innocuous and harmless exercise in constitutional semantics.
He acknowledged the part the freedom fighters had played in the struggle, but he never once made any public statement that conceded to them any rights or any genuine compensation.
Mau Mau was a thing best forgotten. In Kenyatta's Kenya there would be a deafening silence about Mau Mau". Adekson, J. Comparative Strategy.
Alam, S. Shamsul Rethinking the Mau Mau in Colonial Kenya. Anderson, David Cambridge: University Press, African Affairs.
CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link ——— History Today. CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Andrew, Christopher London: Allen Lane.
Atieno-Odhiambo, Elisha Stephen Oxford: James Currey. Berman, Bruce Canadian Journal of African Studies. CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Blacker, John Branch, Daniel CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link ———; Cheeseman, Nicholas Review of African Political Economy.
CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Brantley, Cynthia The Giriama and Colonial Resistance in Kenya, — Carothers, John Colin Geneva: World Health Organization.
Carter, Morris; et al. London: Government Printer. Chappell, Stephen RUSI Journal. Archived from the original PDF on 20 October Clough, Marshall S.
Coray, Michael S. Agricultural History. Corfield, Frank Nairobi: Government of Kenya. Curtis, Mark London: Vintage. Edgerton, Robert B. Mau Mau: An African Crucible.
Elkins, Caroline US edition ——— London: Jonathan Cape. CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link UK edition ——— The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History.
CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Ellis, John . The Social History of the Machine Gun. Emerson Welch, Claude Anatomy of Rebellion.
French, David The British Way in Counter-Insurgency, — Oxford: Oxford University Press. Füredi, Frank The Mau Mau War in Perspective.
London: I. CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Gerlach, Christian Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Grogan, Ewart S. London: Hurst and Blackett.
Kalyvas, Stathis N. The Logic of Violence in Civil War. Kanogo, Tabitha Dedan Kimathi: A Biography. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers.
Squatters and the Roots of Mau Mau, — CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Lapping, Brian End of Empire revised ed.
London: Paladin. Leys, Norman Kenya 4th ed. London: Frank Cass. Lonsdale, John Journal of African Cultural Studies.
CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Mahone, Sloan Majdalany, Fred Maloba, Wunyabari O. Maxon, Robert M.
McCulloch, Jock . Colonial Psychiatry and "the African Mind" revised ed. Meinertzhagen, Richard Kenya Diary, — London: Oliver and Boyd.
Mosley, Paul Mumford, Andrew Abingdon: Routledge. Mungeam, G. Newsinger, John Nissimi, Hilda Journal of Military and Strategic Studies.
Archived from the original on 22 March Ogot, Bethwell Allan In Atieno-Odhiambo; Lonsdale eds. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list link Ormsby-Gore, William ; et al.
Report of the East Africa Commission. Page, Malcolm . King's African Rifles: A History. Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books. Percox, David A.
In Kevin Shillington, ed. Peterson, Derek R. Pirouet, M. Louise Leiden: Brill. Ranger, T. Part I". Sandgren, David Swainson, Nicola The Development of Corporate Capitalism in Kenya, — Thiong'o, Ngugi wa .
Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Walton, Calder London: HarperPress. Mau-Mau is a member of the larger Crazy Eights or shedding family, to which the proprietary card game Uno belongs.
However Mau-Mau is played with standard French or German-suited playing cards. The game is typically played with a card pack, either a French-suited pack from which the Twos, Threes, Fours, Fives and Sixes have been removed or, especially in Europe, with a card German pack.
For more than 5 players, 2 packs of cards may be used. The aim is to be first to get rid of all of one's cards. Most of the time, the winner will have to say something at this point, usually "Mau".
If they fail to say this, they do not win and instead must take penalty cards. If a player's last card is a Jack, they must reply differently, usually saying "Mau Mau".
Before the start of the game, a player who is not the dealer cuts the deck 4 times. If they cut significant cards, they are allowed to keep them if they want.
Mau Mau rebellion. The violent, grass-roots resistance movement launched by the Kikuyu and related ethnic groups against the British colonial government in Kenya in the s.
It had its origins in the sense of deprivation felt by the Kikuyu, who had lost much of their land to white settlers. However strong their resentment towards white domination, most educated Kikuyu were anxious to avoid military confrontation.
The movement consequently lacked high-quality leadership and failed to win support from other ethnic groups within the colony. Its defeat when confronted by trained soldiers and police, though protracted, was inevitable.
Kenneth Ingham. Mau Mau an African secret society originating among the Kikuyu that in the s used violence and terror to try to expel European settlers and end British rule in Kenya.
The British eventually subdued the organization, but Kenya gained independence in The term is Kikuyu, and is probably an application of mau-mau used to describe voracious devouring.
Mau Mau gale. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.
Mau Mau oxford. Mau Mau rebellion oxford. More From encyclopedia. Pan Afric… Kwame Nkrumah , Nkrumah, Kwame — Even decades after his death in , Kwame Nkrumah remains a symbol of the movement for African independence that occurred… Julius Nyerere , Nyerere, Julius — When he stepped down as president of Tanzania in , one of the few African rulers ever to relinquish power voluntarily, Juli… African Socialism , Socialism, African There are two basic models of African socialism that represent its variations and development on the continent Rosberg and Callag… Jomo Kenyatta , Kenyatta, Jomo ?
About this article Mau Mau All Sources -. Updated About encyclopedia. Related Topics Kenya. Nationalism and Ethnicity: Africa.
Anticolonial Movements, Africa. Nationalism, Africa. Nationalism: Africa. Weep Not, Child.Yes sir I would. The colonial state shared the desire of the European settler to encourage Africans into the labour market, whilst also sharing a concern to moderate the wages paid to workers". Mau Mau: An African Crucible. The awkward case of 'his or her'. At the end ofthe Administration were faced with the serious problem of the concealment of terrorists and supply of Moorhuhn Remake Windows 10 to them. Mau-Mau ist ein Kartenspiel für zwei und mehr Spieler, bei dem es darum geht, seine Karten möglichst schnell abzulegen. Die Namen und Regeln sind regional leicht unterschiedlich. Das Spiel ist vor allem in Deutschland, Österreich, Südtirol und. Mau-Mau ist ein Kartenspiel für zwei und mehr Spieler, bei dem es darum geht, seine Karten möglichst schnell abzulegen. Die Namen und Regeln sind regional. Mau-Mau oder Mau Mau bezeichnet: Mau Mau (Band). Band der Neuen Deutschen Welle; Mau Mau (Film), deutscher Film von Uwe Schrader aus dem Jahr. Gratis Mau Mau online spielen ✓ werbefrei ✓ Im Browser oder per App ✓ 3D Umgebung mit einzigartiger Community ✓ Jetzt kostenlos Skat spielen ➜ HIER. External Websites. Harvard Gazette. The rehabilitation campaign was carried out in the detention camps and even in the 30 Jahre Dirty Dancing reserve. Pen and Sword. First, the settler government in Kenya was, even before the insurgency, probably the most openly racist one in the British empire, with the settlers' violent prejudice attended by an uncompromising determination to retain their grip Mau-Mau power Casino Online For Real Money and half-submerged fears that, as a tiny minority, they could be overwhelmed by the indigenous population. He has admitted taking the Mau Mau oath and said that all he did was to ferry food to the fighters in the forest. Thirteen boxes of "top secret" Kenya files are still missing. London: Jonathan Cape. Maubuisson, Abbey of. Bremen KГ¶ln, one of the last Mau Tv Plan generals, was killed shortly after Kenya attained self-rule.